Category: Uncategorized

Closed Environment Agriculture Greenhouse Tour

Welcome to the ClosedEnvironment AgricultureGreenhouse here we do aquaponics andhydroponics for production of both fish,in this case Tilapia and a variety of lettuces andplants that will be sent to the school's diningprogram at Seneca.

Aquaponics is simply the culture of fish and plants together hydroponics is simply the raising of plants in aquatic media, okay, so it has everything to do with wheredid the water come from This entire system is arecirculating system so the water will enter theTilapia tanks which are the fish that we currently raise, it's a warm water species of cichlid and once it leaves the tank it'sgoing to go behind underground here, and into thesefiltration systems since we're recirculating orreusing the water water quality is key.

So, what we're trying to do when we send it through these different filter systems is remove any uneaten food andany waste of any kind.

So the major solids are caughtby several screens once it leaves this sump area it's going to go into what lookslike pool filters again that's to capture fineparticulate solids the real key, and the real driver of this whole system is that blue filter right there that's where we do ourbiological filtration so that is taking out any toxicammonia metabolites.

The bacteria that colonize a bunch of little plastic balls inside this filter system help reduce that molecule to itsnon-toxic form.

Then the water splits it goes back to the fish and into the plants.

So the nitrate that's alreadypresent in the water serves as a fertilizer.

This is a raft system so theplants are directly on top of the water the roots growing directly downinto the water, okay, and the nitrate that theyreceive from the fish waste, the broken down fish waste serves as that fertilizer to help with growth.

As they grow we're pushing the rafts down as they get bigger and bigger,we'll harvest at the end, and Aquaculture students and Horticulture students come together in this space and they both learn about the animal culture side, so what does it take to keep the fish alive and happy and what nutrients, what nutrition, and what life requirements have to be balanced with plants, okay.

plants like their water a littlemore acidic than fish do and that has to do with nutrientavailability so we have to add some nutrientsto this system and we have to adjust the pH inthis system versus what we have with the fish.

So it's a little more complex to get the whole system functioning as a whole unit, okay.

Couple other things that we do in here we have an irrigation bed that we raise tomatoes in the tomatoes are going to grow up, upwards of nine to ten feet and then we start training theirvines back down so we have heirloom varieties oftomatoes that are going in today with Horticulture students thatare doing most of the planting.

We have nutrient film technique,okay, all we're doing is running wateracross the root system through a PVC pipe, okay the reason I like this system is because we can mirror-image two different water sources so this water source is actuallyaquaponic water, water that came from the fish and is flowing and recirculating through, and this system is hydroponic so you have to do a little bitmore addition on the hydroponic side than youdo on the aquaponic side so we have pH measurements thatare happening live we have temperature measurements that are happening both atmospherically and we've started to add temp loggers to our water reservoirs and we have a computer system that will notify us if there is an emergency and the third thing that wehave is a motorized and computerizedshade cloth, okay.

It uses a light meterand we tell it if you have too much light,basically, to close and if there's not enoughlight to close as well because we want to keep the heatinsulating in so a little bit of automation that we are doing as faras training our students on systems that they would already have in a large-scale production greenhouse.

With this greenhouse you're notgoing to see as much production as you would on theindustrial side of aquaponics and hydroponicsgrowth in large facilities that are producing many differenttypes of plants the reason is this is amodel for education, okay, so we're trying to balance ourstudents' educational experience with the actual productionthat we do.

So one of the things that we end up doing here quite a bit are student projects.

The projects that we'll doinclude anything from having students model what would happen if there was a nutrient deficiency in the water to different types of lights that the industry might use and how does that affect plant growth.

So this is a research space aswell as a production space.

This is particular tray is tostart all of our seedlings.

We start them in a materialcalled rock wool it holds moisture very well and this media is what we're going to start the actual seeds in they'll grow up to seedlings, then we'll transplant them into whatever system they're going in to.

The nutrient filmtechnique system, or, the raft system.

In agriculture any time thatyou can control the outcome you're at less mercyof the elements that's the major thing.

We want to be able to control production cycles so here we can control light, we can control temperature, we can control the media in which they're growing in.

Now the nice thing about this inarea like Morrisville where we do not have necessarily, the year-round access to a variety of different fruits and vegetables,we can give our students fresh fruit and vegetables that we produce on campus all year round so these lettuces will dodifferent cycles of harvesting but generally we're going toharvest six to eight weeks so that's all year long we can provide fresh fruits and vegetables to our students.

Source: Youtube

how to increase greenhouse energy efficiency – old greenhouse renovation

My name is Chris Powell from good harvestfarm, Strasburg, Pennsylvania.

And we’re here today to look at our energyefficiency savings and upgrades.

We had replaced an older 80 years old structurewith a new up to date 4000 square foot structure.

And it has glass roof, energy curtain, radiantheat in the floor.

And I went to propane fired boilers with hotwater and fen tube.

We also upgraded to computer controls.

We’re finding also that our plant qualityis much better because our heat is constant.

The heat is where we needed when we needed.

We’re about six or eight months thank tothe new structure and new heating system.

And seen better results than we were eventold we’re going to get.

Probably, minimum 40% savings versus our oldsystem.

Well over 20000 dollars savings per year.

So far so good.

We’re really glad we did it.

Big investment but see quick payback withit.

Source: Youtube

How To Build A Greenhouse – D.I.Y. At Bunnings

A greenhouse doesn't have to be bucketloadsof cash.

We're gonna make a simple one that you canmove around, and it's gonna have plenty of room in it for all your plants.

We're gonna take your garden area from this.


The good thing about a greenhouse is it cankeep you gardening all year around.

I'm gonna show you how to make a real easyone today.

These are all the tools and equipment thatwe're gonna need to build our greenhouse.

Just a few frames, a little bit of plastic.

If you're a keen gardener, you're gonna wantone of these.

I've got all of my timber pre-cut at Bunnings,and I've sectioned off and labeled all of my different components to make the buildeasy.

To make the base, get the hardwood sleepers,pre-drill and screw together with bugle screws.

To make the base for the floor, we are nowgonna add our timber, down to the bottom, leaving it flush on the floor.

That way you're gonna get a nice clean fit.

Once you have your framing, you can add joistsfor extra support.

This is going to provide the base for theflooring.

Now we have our sub-floor installed.

It's now time to flip it over and put on thecasters.

Use bugle screws.

There's no need to pre-drill, but make sureyou put the wheels with the stoppers on opposing corners.

To lay your floor, put your timber in ribside down, and layer that thirty-odd spacing to still allow for draining.

To make your frame, make the outer frame first,using the framing gun.

I know how big I want my door, so now I justhave to measure and put in my stud work.

Make sure you put in the second brace to allowfor the hinges.

So, that's our front frame made.

Now, let's go and make the door.

Make sure your noggins are flush to the frontof the door to attach your hinges.

To build this side, make a frame and put astud in the middle.

Repeat the process for the other two frames.

Once you've built your framework, it's timeto put the plastic on.

Wrap your frames in plastic, and fix it off.

Make sure you're wearing gloves, and makesure you attach the plastic to the inside of the frame so it looks nice from the outside.

So now we have all of our sides and our frontwrapped.

It's now time to attach the hinges.

Screw the hinges down to the side joists,and attach your pad bolt to the front.

Now the frame's almost finished.

Attach the frame to the base using bugle screws.

It's a little bit tricky, so you might needan extra pair of hands.

To affix the battens to your roof, arrangethem in descending sizes, so you get run-off on the back.

Transfer your measurements from your greenhouseonto some polycarbonate roofing, mark that with a bit of masking tape, and cut to size.

I'm using a metal blade on a medium settingon a jigsaw to allow for a clean cut.

I have measured mine out with a little bitof overhang at the front and at the back to allow rain to fall off.

The last thing we have to do is to attachour roof to our greenhouse.

We're gonna use some roofing screws to dothat.

Attach your screws into the crest of the corrogate.

You only need to do this every second one.

So, there you have it.

A fantastic little greenhouse.

Let's go and find a place for it in the backyard.

So, we have created our own nice, warm environmentfor all of our plants, turning your garden from this.

To this.

Singers: Bunnings Warehouse.

Source: Youtube

The Green House – VLOG #4 Planting

Hi, my name's Joe FletcherI'm the Set & Lighting Designer I'm Gabriella Slade, theCostume Designer for 'The Green House' This week's Production Week It's when the lighting, set, choreography& costumes all come together.

and we sort of 'plant' the creation.

Joe: We really liked the idea of it beingset in a 1950s – 1960s era We developed the idea for quite alinear architectural structure with a wallpaper design that couldhave references to that particular era.

But also translate forGabi with the costumes, to create a sort of camouflageeffect, walking in to the space.

Gabi: In order for the wallpaper patternto be used in the costumes we got bespoke fabrics printed.

I experimented with changing some of thetones of the background colour and the scales of the print, so that each dancer and each characterhas their own individual quality.

But actually, as a whole setof costumes, they appear as one.

There's a lot of repetition inthe piece so it was important that there were a lot of repeatingdetails within the costumes.

There's the use of dividing lines in the set and also inthe costumes, and pleats are used throughout.

It's really important that within'The Green House' the dancers are camouflagedin the environment.

And when they're out,in the blank space.

they can be vibrantand pop!.

Source: Youtube

Greenhouse Growing: on a bench vs on the floor?

Basically there are various differences between growing on a greenhouse bench vs growing on the floor itself.

There are basically 3 things: one is drainage.

On the bench you get good drainage out of the plant material.

When you water the top, the water can run out of the bottom of the container.

On the floor it's tend to be more restricted so crops on the floor tend to stay wetter longer.

Second thing is temperature.

On a bench you can have the air actually go under the bench so it can warm the growing media up.

When it's on the floor, it tends to be colder especially in the winter months the growing media temperatures are colder.

So again you don't get that water usage it's easier to get root disease development.

Third thing that could be an issue with growing on the floor is sometimes you get imperfections in the floor itself, so you can get pockets of water that can wick water back up into the growing media which again adds to thing staying too wet.

Overall I would say that growing on a bench is better because you get better airflow, you can get the temperature warmer right next to the root system and it'll help dry out your growing media.

Source: Youtube

Lifestyle Gardening: Cuttings in the Green House

(mid tempo music) (upbeat music) – Hello again and welcometo Lifestyle Gardening.

I'm Kim Todd and we'vegot another great program for you this afternoon.

Today we'll be looking atgetting you started early with cuttings in the greenhouse.

We'll see more great examplesof western ornamentals, and we'll talk aboutpruning your fruit trees.

To get us started todaywe're going to help you with some tips onmail order plants.

It's really fun to browsethrough the colorful catalogs you get each year, andwe'll help you figure out how to get what youwant to try this season.

(mid tempo music) Good gardeners, bad gardeners,starting out gardeners and plant nerds really loveto get their hands on plants especially ones that mightbe a little bit unusual.

We have lots ofopportunities to do that starting during the dormantseason or in the winter, and of course, buyinglocal is always great, but there's not much tobuy locally right now unless you're goingafter the house plants.

You can, however, useold-fashioned catalogs, the ones that comein the real mail and have colored coversand great pictures, or go online and most ofthose companies of course, have the same catalog online.

A lot of things tokeep in mind however about buying mail order plants.

First off, we alwaystell people to make sure you check the zone, and thatwould be the growing zone in which you live, rememberthat those zones stretch all the way across thecountry, and zone four or five in Nebraska may or maynot be the same zone as it is in Washingtonor on the West Coast.

So you look for thezone first, and then, pick out the plants youlove, take a look at exactly how they're goingto be shipped to you.

This is really important.

People can be disappointedin a mail order plant because they have anexpectation of size that really doesn't match whatthe supplier is going to do.

As an example, you'll seethe words bareroot plant and you'll see a size,12 inches to 18 inches.

Bareroot plants are shippeddifferently mail order than ones that comein a small container.

A good supplier of barerootplants will ship them only during very specifictimes of the year.

They will be very wellpacked, either in peat moss or excelsior orshredded newspaper.

And then typically putin a bag of some sort that will helphold that moisture while they're being shipped.

That doesn't mean, however,they're not going to dry out, especially if you have notchosen a fast shipping method.

So you wanna check on theshipping method as well.

And if it is a plantthat you really want, you've paid a bit of moneyfor it, you wanna make sure that it is not languishingin the back of the truck or in the post office someplace, you may wanna pay the differenceand get that plant shipped a little bit faster.

Then you also wanna look at the sizes of containerthat are available.

Again, it costs alot of money to ship a big ball of soil halfwayacross the country.

Many suppliers of mailorder plants will put a maximum or a minimum onthe number of containers of a certain sizethat they will ship because those are the onesthey can pack in the boxes.

A gallon container of course,will be a lot heavier.

You'll get fewer in the box,but you'll get a bigger plant.

A smaller one, a four inchor even a little cell pack, obviously, you can buymore of them to fit in a different size box, yourplant is also smaller.

What you want to make surethat you do also is look at the information that thatsupplier has given you about the actual shipping dates.

And many times they willhave limits, they'll say they will not shipafter a certain date because it's too hot.

They will not shipbefore a certain date because it's toocold, and if they ship before a certain date,what are you going to do in your own home with plantsthat are either bareroot and sitting in a plasticbag, or plants that really don't wanna stayinside a greenhouse because they're alreadygreen and growing and they're in a container? People will put plantsthat come in in bareroot in their refrigeratorto keep them from breaking dormancyand keep them cool until it's time to plant.

Strawberries are anexample, they come bareroot, they come in a bundle, typicallytied with a rubber band or a twistie, and thenthey forget about them.

And they open thatrefrigerator and here comes strawberries that are mush,the plants themselves, instead of an actual plant.

So again, to summarize,enjoy that shopping.

You can also, with certaincompanies go online and go to an e-commercesite, and perhaps pick out one of something that anursery may not carry.

That might be able tobe shipped directly from that major supplierto a local nursery with your name on it, giveyou the opportunity to get it without that nursery, thatlocal nursery having to buy five, 10, 15 or 20 ofsomething when in fact, they may only beable to sell one.

So have a great timedoing this but again, read that fine print, thisis one of those situations where you wanna know exactlywhat's getting shipped to you when and how.

There's so many cool selections and fun plants totry in these catalogs whether they're paper or online.

Just make sure you're readingall of that fine print so you don't end up wastingyour money or getting plants when you can't handle them.

You know, we've hada lot of fun with our Go! Gardening features thisyear where we've tried to give new gardeners helpwith basic information to get them started.

This week we're going to giveyou tips on taking cuttings and using them tostart new plants.

It's a prettystraightforward process.

Here to tell us more is UNL agronomy horticulturegrad student Josh Reznihek.

– Today we're gonna talkabout herbaceous cuttings, and another stepthat you can take toward getting your garden ready a little bit sooner.

So today we're gonna beusing a coleus variety that we have in front.

We'll start with the containersthat we'll use today.

I have two in front ofme, different types.

We have just yourtypical 606 cell packs.

The other one will be theseed germination tray.

You can either use either or.

If you're nice and neatand organized these plants will come out as plugs thenonce you go into the garden or you can just take'em directly out of the seed germination tray, thatdoesn't have any dividers and go straight to thegarden as well, so, I'll use the 606 tray forthe demonstration today.

In here I have apremade media mix.

It's a combination ofPerlite as well as a seed germination mix.

That's really it for the media, just looking forsomething well drained.

As far as the plant material,we're gonna be using herbaceous plant material today.

There's four differenttypes of cuttings.

You have your herbaceouswhich a lot of your succulent plantgrowth, your softwood, which is new spring growth, and then semi-hardwood andhardwood cuttings that are a lot of tree speciesand stuff like that.

So today we're justgonna be dealing with the herbaceous plant material.

When taking thesecuttings, it's ideal to use a sanitized razorblade for this.

You can use prunersor scissors of sorts, but I try to stay away fromthat 'cause that creates a crushing actionand damages the plant more than a nice, cleanrazor blade cut would do.

So when taking these cuttings,you're gonna be looking for the nodes of the plant.

Everywhere a leaf actual comesout of the plant is a node.

So you're ideallylooking for a minimum of two nodes per cutting.

What's gonna happen isthat's gonna promote your adventitious rootingbelow the soil line, and your adventitious shootgrowth above the soil line.

So a minimum of two nodes.

Ideally two nodesbelow and one above.

The last node that youhave, the rest of the stem, you don't want a huge longpiece sticking off of this.

It's just gonnadesiccate and die back and potentiallycause more problems.

So you wanna get fairlyclose to that last node and cut that off.

To aid in the rooting,adventitious rooting of these plant materials,there's multiple different rooting hormones that youcan use, different products.

Every store's gonna have alittle bit different one.

There's liquid formulationsI'll be using today as well as powderedformulations.

The powdered ones, I justsuggest that you pre-drill the holes before youstick the cuttings.

'Cause if you just use thecutting to stick the hole in it's gonna rub offon the way down.

So, and again, it'sjust a quick dip.

You don't have to let itsoak or anything like that.

And then you're goingto stick that cutting.

And again, pre-drilling,I usually just use the end of a marker, and thenstick that cutting in there, and kind of looselycompact around there.

You'll notice that there'sa lot of leaf material around this cutting.

Now that we've cut allof the root material off of this cutting, it'snot gonna have any way to bring up water or nutrientsfrom the soil.

So we're gonna have toreduce this leaf tissue area with the razor blade, someof this leaf material, and you can remove wholeleaves, half leaves.

It doesn't really matter.

Just a reduction ofthat leaf surface area to reduce the metabolismrate of that cutting.

Once this occurs, you gothrough the whole flat, in this one it'd be 36 cuttings.

It does take a coupleweeks for this to keel off, callous, and then forroot initials to form.

So, you're looking ata minimum of two weeks before you probablystart seeing any form of root initials.

For post-care, you're lookingfor a humid environment.

You can do this byputting those clear domes over the top, but thenafter they've keeled off, you wanna reduce thelight intensity as well since you wanna reducethat metabolism rate.

And as it goes on, youcan increase that light, kinda harden themoff so that way when you put 'emout in the garden, they don't have any issues.

– There are few things betterto gardeners than free plants.

By following these simple tipsyou'll be well on your way to all kinds offun projects to try for this upcominggrowing season.

If you have morequestions about cuttings or plant propagation,check out your favorite online gardeningwebsites or contact your local extension office.

During the winter months,some of your woody ornamentals are dormant and are in needof some simple pruning.

Pruning anything is a littleintimidating to some gardeners, so we're here tooffer some tips.

For this week's LandscapeLesson we'll help you see the difference betweenwhich are floral buds and which are not.

(mid tempo music) Late winter and earlyspring are good times to do a lot of pruning oncertain landscape plants, and this is alsothe time of year when we get questions abouthow to tell the difference between the floralbuds and the vegetative or the foliage buds.

On some shrubs it certainlydoesn't make any difference because we're not growingthem for the flowering.

On others, however, if you don'tknow what you're looking at and you do wanna do the pruningduring the dormant season, you may, in fact be ruiningthe flowering for that season.

So let's take a lookat a couple of them and talk about how youcan see the differences.

Sometimes it's easy,sometimes it's not.

One thing to alwayskeep in mind also is remember whenthose shrubs flower.

If they flower early inthe spring like forsythias or lilacs, they're likely tohave set their flower buds right after floweringthe previous year.

We call that old woodor one year old wood.

And that means that if you'regoing to do any pruning without ruining those flowerbuds, you need to do it after they flower in the summer.

So that's a little bitof a different ball game.

Here's an example, thisis actually one of the flowering cherries, oneof the bush cherries.

And you can see thesebuds right here, those are the floral buds,those are the vegetative buds.

This is one that blooms very,very early in the spring.

Lilacs are a classic,this happens to be the littleleaf lilac, andit's a little bit harder, of course, to seethe flower buds when the buds themselvesare so little.

But if you look reallyclosely, you can see two vegetative budssurrounding a bud that will be a flower bud.

This is another one again,that you don't prune if you don't wantto lose the flowers.

You wait until after it blooms.

Viburnums have often timeswhat we call naked flower buds.

And it's really simple to seewhat those buds look like.

This is a great example ofa flower bud, a floral bud that was set last season,here are the vegetative or the foliage budson either side of it.

So the simple thing here is,if you really need to prune it, and here's another example,you can go ahead and prune this here or prune it right here,you're not going to ruin the floral displayfor this here.

So again, knowing whatyou're looking at, taking some timeto pay attention to where the shrub flowers, alsomakes a really big difference.

If you know that,you can begin to look a little more closely atwhich buds are going to produce flowers and which onesare going to produce foliage.

Good gardeners understand thevalue of what, when, and where to make those pruning cuts.

It can be confusing at times,but if you know your plants, you'll get the hangof it in no time.

You know, Nebraska has anumber of areas in the state where specificornamentals thrive.

The different climate andenvironmental conditions means some home landscapesare going to look very different as yougo from north to south and east to west.

Last week we talked aboutsome western ornamentals with Amy Seiler from theNebraska Forest Service and now Amy returnsto tell us more.

(mid tempo music) We learned so much from AmySeiler on our last segment about western Nebraskaplants that we decided to have her back,give her another shot at talking about all thebeautiful things she loved.

So Amy, tell us whatyou brought today, and tell us why you cangrow it and we can't and maybe what some ofthe alternatives are west versus east.

– OK, sounds great.

Well I brought some reallyunique plants today.

And the main thing abouta lot of these plants is that they would prefervery limited water.

So they're idealplants for central and western Nebraska.

The other thing that'sunique about these plants is that they would preferto be in a higher pH soil.

– Wow.

– So that is, we're always looking forplants that will grow in a higher pH soil, andwhat we have in front of us are some really good ones.

The first thing that Iwould like to show you, this is apache plume, and this is asemi-evergreen shrub.

And it blooms a whiteflower, but then it has this unbelievable pink flower, it just looks like this silky, wispy, notflower, seed head, excuse me.

And it looks incredible all summer long.

And so you have all thisgreat texture and interest, and it looks incrediblein a dry landscape where sometimes you can lack a little bit of flower interest.

Great plant, three tofive feet tall maybe.

It'll be shorter ifit gets less water.

So that's a good onefor people to try.

– We have tried that in theeast with a little success if it's dry enough, andprobably our high-humidity and our lower pH is gonnalimit its life a little bit.

– It would not enjoythat very much.

It really wants to be neglected.

And I will just forewarn people,when they first plant it, the bloom is not thatimpressive, it's the seed head, is why you plant this plant.

The seed head willtake your breath away.

– Perfect, all right, whatelse did you bring for us? – OK, I broughtanother fun plant.

And what I have infront of me right now, this is called wavy leaf oak.

It is an actual oak, and it is native tosouthwest Colorado, New Mexico, and it isan incredible plant.

It's a small treeor a large shrub.

You can prune it up tohave a multi-stemmed trunk.

And it is incrediblydrought tolerant.

Holds its foliage, it's kindof a silvery foliage color, but Kim, as you touch it, it's spiny.

– (Laughing) I thoughtit was a holly.

And I thought holy cow,she has brought a holly with no green leftin the leaves.

I've never, everseen that plant.

– I've used that in severallandscapes, and it gives great winter interest, andsomething to talk about in the summer for sure.

– Perfect, all right.

You also have another oak Ithink, if I'm not mistaken.

On that one (laughing)- You are correct.

This is just a scruboak or Gambel oak and this is a plant that we reallylike to use in the west.

It's much smaller thanyour oaks back east but I like this plant becauseit will hold its foliage in the winter, dependingon the genetics of it.

And, it gives me a littlebit more winter interest.

It also helps blockthe wind a little bit in the landscapes, capturesa little bit of snow.

And I love this leaf look in the wintertime when I don't havemuch to look at.

Plus it's greathabitat for animals.

– You know, and we actuallycan grow Gambel here.

It's a different form, but atleast it looks like Gambel.

And then you brought trulya broadleaf evergreen that we decided isnot your native, but it's amazing tosee it growing here.

– Yes, I actually clippedthis from my neighbor's house and I had originally thoughtthat it was Oregon grape holly, and we can grow the smallerform of Oregon grape holly, it's native out there.

But I found this.

This can grow out west.

It needs to be in aprotected location that's exactly where I found it.

But I watched myneighbor's plant for years, and it has neverdesiccated, it looks good all of the time, so,in just the right spot you can have some ofthese broadleaf evergreens and they'll do OK.

– Which is perfect.

So the combination is greatand as we always love to say to our guests, thankyou so much for coming, driving all theway in, and sharing what we would love tohave, but we live here.

– Absolutely mypleasure, thank you.

– Thanks Amy.

You know we love thatburst of color we get in the springtime from ourplants, but it's nice to know these plants can alsodeliver color and texture during the dull winter months.

Thanks so much to Amyfor sticking around and talking to us again.

Alrighty, let's takea few minutes now to answer our viewer emails.

We'd love to hear from you.

Perhaps you can share apicture or two with us, send us an email to byf@unl.


Our first questioncomes from Omaha.

And we've actually talked aboutthis a bit in past seasons and maybe even thisyear, and that is that some bulbs are coming up.

In this case it's alittle better than that or maybe worse thanthat in their minds because what they haveis they have snowdrops already in flower.

The email was actuallydated January 23rd, so, looking back in the record book, at least for our snowdrops oncampus, that is pretty early.

We have them blooming Februaryfourth, not January 23rd.

And of course, theirquestion is what happens now? Well obviously it'stoo late to do anything other than enjoy it.

If there is snowin the forecast, snow could help insulate.

You may see,certainly a little bit less vigorous plant next yearfrom that bulb depending on how the snow coverlasts and depending on how much freezingoccurs of the foliage.

But for heaven's sakes,don't cut that foliage back once that snow coverdiminishes in the spring.

So just enjoy it, that'sreally all you can do when nature throwssort of a whammy at us in terms of the season.

We have a viewer down inthe Auburn area that has some serious tree damage.

And she's wonderingwhether this in fact, could be a porcupine, isthis deer, is this squirrels? What exactly is going on here? We've sent this off to ourcritter creature Dennis Ferraro for an answer, and wewill actually post this both on our websiteand to Facebook.

But the chances of this being a rabbit are slim and none, a squirrel, slimmer andnoner, because, of course, the squirrels are not goingto do that amount of damage on the trunk ofa tree that high.

Could be porcupines althoughwe're not really seeing too many of them in thesoutheast part of the state or in that corner, couldvery well be deer damage.

The unfortunate thing of course,is that amount of stripping and bark damageprobably means an end to a successful life forthat particular tree.

We have a viewer outin the Lexington area that had ornamentalgrasses in their landscape, and waited until about now tocut them back, and in so doing discovered what lookslike a lot of damage around the crown of the plant.

And they're seeing placeswhere something has sort of burrowed throughor has run through or has used thosegrasses as shelter.

Their question is now howto get rid of the critter because first off, they'dhave to know what it is and then what to do aboutit, but more importantly can they, in the spring,dig those grasses up, divide them, and then reset them and hope to have some success.

The answer is a kind ofa guarded yes on that.

And what they willwant to do is first off take as big a clump ofthe root mass as possible and then tease apart thosegrasses in the locations where it appears as thoughthe damage has been done.

Take a good look and makesure that if it was a creature they have not nipped off orchewed off all of those roots from below the crown of thatplant, and if they have not, go ahead and reset thoseplants making sure that you don't set them at a depthany lower than they were previously or any higher.

Backfill with good soilfrom the surrounding area, don't use any ofthat amended stuff, give them a good drink andhope that maybe next year you won't have that sameissue with the damage to it.

But I would probablywait at this point even though we don't havemuch frost in the ground in a lot of areas, I'dwait until we're a bit later in the season todo that just in case our weather is reallystrange going into spring.

We've got one morefeature this season of Lifestyle Gardening.

Earlier in the programwe helped you with tips on pruning some ofyour woody ornamentals, and right now we'dlike to turn our focus to pruning your fruit trees.

The right cuts at theright time of year will help your fruittrees be more productive during the harvesttime of the year.

(mid tempo music) You know, even thoughwe're in mid February and we tell you to prune yourtrees when they're dormant, for fruit trees,it is too early.

We wanna really hit thatwindow for pruning fruit trees right before they breakdormancy because that helps avoid damage, potentiallyto either the tree itself or to the fruiting spurs.

The interesting thingabout our little orchard here in the Backyard Farmergarden is these trees are not very old, they'veonly been in the ground about two years, theyhave grown exponentially with one exceptionand that would be our poor sad little peach tree.

But we also have not done agreat job of pruning them.

And I say that on purposebecause one of the things we wanna be able to dois tell you how to not do what we have either done wrong, or we should bedoing differently.

So these are all apple trees, and then we have our Nectaplum.

The Nectaplum is ahybrid, and it's a cross, so it is very, very vigorous, and is showing a lot of growth.

Last year our season producedreally exponential growth in some of our fruit trees.

Long whippy sorts of growth and these are the kindsof things that we're going to want to control if we arereally after a good fruit crop.

Apple trees do whatwe call doubling.

And you can see thatthey throw two shoots or two branches from avery narrow connection.

They also tend to branch with maybe not verygood connections.

What we're going to lookat this year and accomplish as we get closer tothe break of dormancy, is opening the structure up.

We'll make good pruning cuts.

We will essentially be ableto throw a bushel basket through the interiorof these trees without hitting a branch.

We'll do some reductionon the height.

We'll take care of anythingthat is pointing back into the center of the tree.

And then we will hopethat that will help produce a goodfruiting crop for us.

We do a different kindof pruning on peaches.

And we do a different kindof pruning on our Nectaplum.

You'll be able tosee on the Nectaplum some of the gummosis,as it's called, which was a result of doingsome pruning cuts last year.

That is not necessarilya terrible thing for plants in the peach, theplum, the apricot family but you do have toalso look and make sure that you don't have someborer damage going on.

You can see in all ofthese apple trees however, and in the Nectaplum,a lot of the doubling.

And too much stuff up in thetop, and that is going to mean we don't have goodair circulation, we don't have enough light,we have a lot of foliage and not much fruit.

The Nectaplum actuallyproduced a double leader in it, and they're actuallycompeting leaders.

Realistically this is asmall, short lived tree.

We are not going to correctthat double leader at this time, but we're gonna makesure that we keep that as healthy as we possiblycan and hold on to that tree.

The pruning dose on fruittrees to be able to get them to actually fruit makesthem really not look like fruit trees, like ornamentaltrees in the landscape.

They look pretty weird.

So since we use this forteaching for our students and our master gardeners,you may not see perfect pruning here,but we also will send you to some great linksso you can get started on pruning your own fruittrees in your own orchard and do it correctly atthe right time of year to be able to produce the amountof fruit that you're after.

Getting the right pruningdone at the right time will make a world of difference in your tree's healthand productivity.

Cleaning up damagedor broken limbs is always the first placeto start when pruning.

After you've donethat, a bit of thinning will help treeswith air circulation and cut down on overproduction.

That's all the time we have for LifestyleGardening this year.

We've had a wonderfultime bringing you tips and interviewsagain this season, and you can still follow us onFacebook, YouTube and Twitter as well as all get ready forthe upcoming growing season.

Don't forget, Backyard Farmeris right around the corner as we start another year ofgardening advice in April.

So good afternoon, goodgardening, thanks for watching, and we'll see you all nextwinter on Lifestyle Gardening.

(mid tempo music).

Source: Youtube

Prune & Bloom: Gardening tips with the cast of The Green House

Caroline Finn: My best gardening tip would be, um [laughing] don't leave me in charge of your garden, or your house plants because I will inevitably kill them.

Joesef Perou: My best gardening tip? Okay! My best gardening tip: I grow alot of succulents and cacti, basically don't water them too much.

Thats it.

Franklyn Lee: My best gardening tip, if I had a garden I would say, don't pack your top soil too tight so that your plants can breathe! Elena Thomas: Well um, I haven't tried yet, but apparently you have to talk to your plants to make them happy and help them grow so I'll give it a try.

Matteo Marfoglia: My best gardening tip is to remember to prune your plants in the winter because if you don't prune them when spring comes, they won't bloom again.

Camille Giraudeau: [laughing] my best gardening tip is once you've cut your flowers if you're going to put them indoors, make sure you cut the stems in half and put them in deep water.

Joe Fletcher: Make sure you've got plenty of drainage.

Gabriella Slade: My gardening tip is to not overwater your plants Lee Johnston: My best gardening tip is if you've got a shed, put a good weekend into scrubbing it back, painting it a joyous colour and every time you look at your garden it will make you feel happy and it will give you a sense of hard work and effort, and reward!.

Source: Youtube

The Best Time of Year to Rent an Apartment

What is the best timeof year to find tenants for your rental property? That's today's video.

Let's dive in.

Hey, everyone.

I'm Clayton Morris.

I'm the founderof Morris Invest, and I'm a longtimereal estate investor.

Today I want to talk to youabout the best time of year to find tenants foryour rental property.

Now you think the winterwould be a bad time to find tenants for yourrental property, right? We get that question a lot.

Well, should I be concernedin February or March about getting tenantsfor my property if it's so cold outside? Will people want togo out in the snow to come and see your property? Is August a better time? Is the summertime a better time? The answer is frankly,it doesn't much matter.

Obviously, the holidays could bea little bit of a slow period.

Right around Christmas,people aren't going to want to moveand pack up boxes right during the holidays.

However, right after theholidays, and right before tax time is the besttime to find tenants for your rental properties.

Why? Think about it for a second.

Why would that be? Why would that be? Well, refund checks–refund checks– if that's what you said,then you're absolutely right.

And what we find happens is thatmany people want to front load the amount of rent they can puttowards their rental property.

So a new tenant wants tomove into the property, loves the property,and they know they're in competitionwith another tenant.

This is what happenson our properties we get into– I don'twant to say bidding wars– but we really can take the creamof the crop on our properties.

So the person that'sable to put up five months, sixmonths worth of rent and to move into thisproperty, chances are, they'reprobably going to get picked to rent the property.

And why can they do that? Because the tax man– sothey're going to get money back from the government,typically, and they're going to get a big nicecheck from the government.

And rather than spendingthat money on things they don't need, theywant to front load the amount they canput down on their rent.

And very often, we'll gettenants in March, and April, and frankly, February,because people want to do their taxes earlyso they can get those refund checks– they will put downfive, six, seven, months.

We actually had someone paytheir whole year's rent in one fell swoop thanks totheir refund check.

So the springtimecan be a great time, and the winter timeright after Christmas can be a fantastictime to get tenants into your rental properties.

So don't fear the winter.

Old man winter isnothing to fear when it comes to rental properties.

I'd love to hear yourthoughts about today's video.

You can leave some commentsin the thread below.

You can also subscribeto my channel– the big red button– thebig red Subscribe button.

Just click on it,and join our channel.

We publish videos everyweek– multiple times a week.

And our goal with this channelis to really provide you with fantastic informationon how to become a landlord and learn about creatingpassive income and cash flow in your life throughrental property investing.

There is nothinglike it– nothing– trust me– absolutely nothing.

Go out there.

Become a real estate investor.

And take action.

We'll see on thenext video, everyone.

Source: Youtube

How do we know a tenant will pay rent? – Property Rant 021

Hey, guys.

Property Search.


I'm Brett Alegre-Wood and this is Property Rant.

So, how do we knowthat a tenant's going to pay the rent? And this is actually probably forbeginner investors because once you've had a few properties and you've had themfor a period of time and you've got.

everything's settled down, you realizethat actually it's very rare that things do go wrong.

And when theydo, if you've got a good agent, you address them, it's not an issue.

So,how do we know they're not going to pay the rent? The reality is we don't.

Wedon't control them, we don't control their lives, we don't control theircircumstances.

The best we can do is provide a property that has good, solidfundamentals.

Shops, schools, transport links, major employers and majorinvestments, you know, that's attractive to the tenant, that's well up kept, thatany problems are sorted out, and if we actually sort that out and we dealwith that stuff, then we're more likely to put ourselves in thebest position possible.

But that doesn't mean thatthey're not going to lose their job, they're not going toget pregnant, fall in love, break up, you know, like all the normallife things that happen that can cause financial strain.

So yes, we can dotenant referencing and we can do all that sort of stuff, but at the end of the day,you cannot control another person.

And you can do the best you possiblycan by getting a.

You know, the real key is getting a really good managingagent because the reality is in my experience of over 20 years is, whensomething's going wrong, it's often not just an isolated incident.

If theydon't pay their rent on time, you know, once, you might let them getaway with.

Second time, you know what? You better be ready to move them outbecause the reality is very rarely do they come back and they pay up and do all thatsort of stuff.

What you'll tend to find is lots of excuses and things like that.

And you can say, "Well, hold on.

But mine's an expensive property in agreat area and all that sort of stuff.

" Things still go wrong for people that livein those houses.

You know, we have just as many things go for expensive propertiesas we do for cheap properties.

Sure, cheap properties, you know, you canget into the housing association and things like that and they present theirown issues.

But if we're talking about vanilla lettings deals, if you like,which are normal mom and dads, families, that sort of stuff, stuffhappens.

You can only put yourself in the best position.

You cannot control theother person.

The important bit is when something does happen like they paythe rent late or they, you know, short pay it or whatever it is, that youhave a managing agent that gets on top of them, gets on top of it quickly and reallymanages that well.

And that is often the determination between having a real painin the arse, excuse the French, or just having a seamless, effortlessthing where yes, you may have to eject them, but you've got everything sorted,you've got everything in order and it just happens and it's in process.

And yeah, youmay have to try and collect some money off of them and you may lose somemoney, that does happen.

So, you can't control them, you know,but you've got to get over that and the reality is we're talking less than3% of the entire lettings.

And we've got over 1,250 properties thathave problems.

And that's any sort of problems from late payments through toactually delinquents through to major damage and things like that.

It's lessthan 3% of the time of the properties.

And obviously, some properties in morelower areas, yeah, that's when you have a lot more problems in those areas whenyou're dealing with a really low.

Low tenants, that's not right.

The low rentalfigures and low property prices because oftentimes, the spec of the propertyisn't as good and things like that.

So, it's not that the people areworse, it's oftentimes that the properties aren't up to the same spec, you know? Butalso, it can be that people down there struggle with money a lot more andthey're living on a more, you know, less than the margin.

Okay, guys,have a great day.

Live with passion.

Source: Youtube

Why Do Tenants Rent Instead of Buy?

Who in the world wouldrent a $40,000 home? Why wouldn't they just buy it? That's today's video.

Let's dive in.

Hey, everybody.

I'm Clayton Morris.

I'm the founderof Morris Invest.

I'm a long-time realestate investor.

And this channel isdevoted to helping you take action, go out thereand become a real estate investor.

And we focus here on the channelabout buy-and-hold real estate, because we want tocreate cash flow– passive income.

That's what this channelis all devoted around.

So today we're going totalk about a question I get a lot from differentpeople, who want to know, why would anyonewant to rent a home in the $40,000, $50,000 range? I mean, those are the typesof houses that I, personally, like to buy as a realestate investor– single family homes in theMidwest part of the country, or in the South,or in Pennsylvania, those types of areas– that then have ayard, a driveway, a three-bedroom, one-bath,two-bedroom, one-bath.

But they're affordable.

They're not San Francisco.

They're not Miami.

You know, they'renot $500,000 homes.

They're $40,000 homes.

Those are my favorite.

And, number one, the returnon investment is super high.

And, number two, it's,you know, affordable.

I am able to get alot of properties.

And I have a lotof great tenants who stay for a longtime in my properties.

But a question I get is, well,who would rent that home? Why wouldn't theyjust buy that house? Why would they rent from you? It's a great question.

We're going to diveinto three key areas as to why they wouldn'twant to own that property.

All right, numberone– the first reason why they wouldn't want to ownthat property– it's mindset, mindset.

They don't– not everyonethinks like you do.

Not everyone thinkslike I do, that, yes, we want to own our home, you know? You might have beenbrought up in a family that lived in a home that wasowned by your parents.

Well, maybe these folks don't.

You know, maybe they don't.

Maybe they weren'traised the same way.

And, therefore, theirmindset around home ownership is simply not the same as yours.

So that's one reason– mindset.

Number two reason whythey wouldn't want to own this property is money– down payment money.

Think about this, right– on a $40,000 home,you're going to have to come down with about20% down, if you're working with a bank.

What is that? That's $8,000.

Now that might not soundlike a lot of money to you.

But to someone who'sworking paycheck to paycheck as a blue-collar employee,works really hard– but they don't have $8,000sitting in the bank in order to make a down payment.

Think about that.

You might think to yourself–well, that's simple.

I'll do that anyday of the week.

Yeah, well, some people can't.

And, therefore, renting makesmore sense to that person.

And the third reason thatthese individuals wouldn't buy a house that's$40,000, $50,000 is because bankssimply won't lend.

That's the bottom line.

Banks don't like lendingon properties that are below $50,000, even $60,000.

It's really hardto find banks that are willing to do thaton a primary residence.

So it can be reallydifficult.

And, especially, if you do have that$8,000 as a down payment, they're going to, obviously,check credit score, verify employment, doall of those things.

And, still, they don'tlike to be in that $40,000, $50,000 range for purchasing,for your primary residence.

I don't know why.

It's the same thing withrental ownership of a property.

If you're trying to buya property like that as a landlord, and youlive 50 miles away, you're also going to run intoroadblocks and headaches trying to work with banks inorder to finance a property that affordably, that cheap.

It just doesn't makethat much money for them, to be honest with you.

They're going to financea $40,000 property? That's peanuts to them.

Why would they do it? To them, it's riskier.

They don't want to be inthe home ownership business, so they don't want to haveto go through a foreclosure, take that property back,and, at $40,000 or $50,000, it just does not makemuch sense to them.

I've talked tobankers about this.

And that's the bottom line.

So those are three reasons– mindset.

They just don't thinkabout home ownership, maybe, the way that you do.

So, you know– and theydon't want to own the home.

Maybe they want to move a lot.

That's what they like to do.

Number two– down payment money.

Simply don't havethat money to do a big down payment on aproperty and own that house.

And three– the banks.

Banks simply won't lendon properties that cheap.

Add them all up, andthere's your answer– it's not that easyto buy those homes.

And, therefore, whyshouldn't we buy them? And why shouldn't wehave them out there– great property forgreat tenants to live in that we own and we createcash flow for ourselves? It's a win-win for everyone.

There you go.

I hope you foundthis video helpful.

We have tons of greatvideos here on the channel.

We have all kinds ofplaylists that you can click on and go seeon how to set up and get private money;how to get started with turn-key real estate; youname it, we've got it here.

And don't forget, ifyou're not a subscriber, click the big subscribebutton right here and become part of ournetwork of investors who are learning andgoing out there and taking action and becoming areal estate investor.

We'll see you nexttime, everyone.

Source: Youtube